Le West Lothian est également représenté au Parlement écossais par trois élus. Large parts of the southern urban area of Livingston, which were historically within Midlothian, were however transferred to West Lothian. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. 5,404,700. [30] The hospital opened in 1904 and eventually had beds for 55 officers and 2571 other ranks. Population. In the way of heavy industry there was a silver mine at Cairnpapple, a cotton mill at Blackburn, paper mills at Linlithgow, and shallow coal mines around Bathgate and Whitburn. It did however gain areas from Midlothian. These created distinctive red spoil heaps (locally known as "bings") throughout the council area. Le West Lothian (Lodainn an Iar en gaélique) est une des 32 council areas de l’Écosse et une région de lieutenance. Between 2010 and 2035 the overall population is forecast to increase by 19%, however the change in population of pensionable age is anticipated to be 52% and for those aged . services. [59] The nearest airport in operation to West Lothian is Edinburgh Airport. [41], Military Museum Scotland is a military history museum in Wilkieston that covers Scottish military history from the First World War to the present day. East Lothian is the 21st largest area out of Scotland’s 32 local authorities in terms of population. (Scotland) Act 1994, Linlithgow and East Falkirk (UK Parliament constituency), Knights Hospitaller of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, Museum of the Scottish Shale Oil Industry, "Studies of the Scottish oil shale industry. [25][26] St Johns is a teaching hospital for the University of Edinburgh Medical School. Population Estimate 1981-06-30 Population Estimate 1991-06-30 Population Estimate 2001-06-30 Population Estimate 2011-06-30 Population Estimate 2019-06-30; West Lothian: Council Area: 139,204: 145,040: 159,030: 175,300: 183,100: Great Britain and Northern Ireland: United Kingdom: 56,357,500: 57,438,700: 59,113,000: 63,285,145: 66,796,807 In the Scottish Premiership, Livingston F.C. The old county town was the royal burgh of Linlithgow, but the largest town (and the second largest town in the Lothian region after Edinburgh) is now Livingston. Two thirds of the land is agricultural, while a tenth is urban. [34] It is sited on a former mill at Millfield, near Livingston and is attached to the Almond Valley Heritage Centre, a large farm and play area. [14], Hopetoun House is a large country house and estate near South Queensferry that was built between 1699 and 1701, and was designed by Sir William Bruce. [54][55] The viaduct is 1.5 miles long with 36 masonary arches, is Category A listed and features as the logo of West Lothian Council.[55][56]. The partnership centre was set to provide a healthcare centre, community space and other local amenities to the growing population of the village. This was carried out extensively in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the region, in a process developed by the chemist James Young.[4][5]. Hannah Bardell represents the Livingston constituency,[9] Martyn Day represents the Linlithgow and East Falkirk (UK Parliament constituency). Deans is situated in the northern part of Livingston, The western area of Deans was formerly known as Livingston Station, as it is the location of former oil works and a railway station. The Lothian region was split into four districts: East, Mid and West Lothian, and the City of Edinburgh. [54], Many of the railways in West Lothian use significant viaducts to cross rivers, ravines and other difficult terrain. WEST LOTHIAN is recording just a bit over half the Scottish average ... for the seven-day positive rate of Covid-19 per 100,000 population. The Scottish average is 222.5 The 7-day positivity test rate in the county also fell, from 8.3 per cent to 7.9 per cent. Final report on US Department of Energy", "Parliament.uk: Linlithgow and East Falkirk Constituency", "Scottish referendum: What is the 'English Question'? Actors, musicians and entertainers include Susan Boyle (from Blackburn, a singer who achieved fame on the TV series Britain's Got Talent),[72][73] Lewis Capaldi (a singer/songwriter from Whitburn and Bathgate), Ian Colquhoun (from Livingston, author and actor), Leon Jackson (from Whitburn, winner of The X Factor in 2007) and David Tennant (from Bathgate, actor). [3] In the far west of the county a large carboniferous coalfield exists that extends underneath Whitburn, Blackridge and Harthill. Deux élus représentent le West Lothian au parlement de Westminster (Michael Connarty et Jim Devine). The western border was formed first by the Drumtassie Burn and then by the Avon. Other principal A roads in West Lothian include the A71 road (which passes through the south of the county connecting settlements including Livingston, Polbeth, West Calder and Breich), the A899 and A705 in Livingston, and the A801 road which runs from east of Polmont to Whitburn. The hospital has a dedicated Accident and Emergency department with 550 beds and opened in 1989. Mais au VIIIe siècle les clans pictes la revendiquèrent en profitant de l'affaiblissement de la Northumbrie. There are remains of hillforts on Cockleroy, Peace Knowe, Bowden, Cairnpapple, and Binns Hills. ", "BONNINGTON HOUSE WITH BALUSTRADED WALL  (Category A Listed Building) (LB26826)", "Dechmont, Bangour Village Hospital, Hospital Block (77518)", "Linlithgow Partnership Centre - Tam Dalyell House", "Label 5 First Blending Company, Bathgate", "Duke of York opens new Glenmorangie bottling facility", "Designer home with a dome of its own:McArthurGlen at Livingston has a structured approach to shopping", "OS Maps: online mapping and walking, running and cycling routes", "A Victorian Vision – the Almond Valley Viaduct", "Kirkliston, Almond Valley Viaduct (91660)", "Singing Talent of Susan Boyle Stuns Simon Cowell", Times of London, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Lothian&oldid=1000368496, Counties of the United Kingdom (1801–1922), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 20:40. The church, part of which has the appearance of great antiquity, is a plain structure containing 500 sittings. Number of people known to have autism. The West Lothian Sports Council represents a variety of sports clubs and organisations in West Lothian. The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 abolished the counties, burghs, and districts, instead creating a system of regions and districts. Westlothiana ("animal from West Lothian") is a genus of reptile-like tetrapod that lived about 338 million years ago during the latest part of the Visean age of the Carboniferous. Le Lothian (Lowden en Scots, Lodainn en écossais, anciennement francisé en Lothien ou Lothiane) est une région traditionnelle d'Écosse, s'étendant entre la rive sud du Firth of Forth et les Lammermuir Hills. D’une superficie de 427 km², le West Lothian est la 20 division administrative par sa taille, et la 10 par sa population. In the whole population of West Lothian, 0.6% of people are known to have autism. Deans is a small community within the town of Livingston in West Lothian, Scotland. [63] The college has sports facilities, a library, a training restaurant for hospitality students, and a salon/spa. Many of the houses built for the expanding population were shoddy, necessitating the building of thousands of council houses in the latter part of the 20th century, especially at Livingston, which had historically been a minor village. Cairnpapple Hill is a scheduled ancient monument and hill with a dominating position in central lowland Scotland with extensive views. Edinburgh is Scotland’s capital city and has been since way back in 1437, when it replaced Scone: 2. 391. aged 16-64 yrs. [65], West Lothian has 14 public libraries. The name, of Welsh origin but uncertain meaning, is retained in the names of the modern Scottish council areas of East and West Lothian and Midlothian and the historic region of Lothian. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. Cette région a été sortie de son anonymat en avril 2009 grâce à l'une de ses habitantes, une femme de 47 ans nommée Susan Boyle originaire de Blackburn, dont la performance en tant que chanteuse dans une émission de la chaîne de télévision ITV (Britain's Got Talent) a été à l'origine d'un retentissement énorme sur Internet. 701. aged 0-15 yrs. Armadale (Scots: Airmadale, Scottish Gaelic: Armadal) is a town within the district of West Lothian in central Scotland.Armadale, formerly known as Barbauchlaw, is an ex-mining town which was also known for its brick manufacturing.It is named after Armadale in Sutherland, this estate being owned by Sir William Honeyman who later acquired the land of Barbauchlaw. [20], There are several public country parks in West Lothian, including Beecraigs Country Park (a 370 hectare park between Bathgate and Linlithgow with forests, a visitor centre and a loch), Polkemmet Country Park (a 68 hectare park near Whitburn with woodlands, river walks and outdoor facilities), and Almondell and Calderwood Country Park along the Almond river valley near Mid Calder. The distillery opened in 2010 and can produce 25 million litres annually and has 29 ageing warehouses (cellars) across 75 hectares at the distillery to allow for the maturation of over 600,000 barrels. [44], There are several large scale wind farms in West Lothian, predominantly in the south-west of the county, used to produce electricity across the region, including Pates Hill wind farm, Harburnhead wind farm, and Black Law wind farm. [3] The middle of the county contains a large field of shale oil running south to north (underneath the settlements of Broxburn, Livingston and West Calder), then sedimentary and basalt rocks supplying silica sand. However, they remain the lowest in the Lothian healthboard area. [19] Jupiter Artland is also near the estate of Haltoun House which extends into Edinburgh and while the grounds remain, the Scottish baronial mansion was destroyed by fire in 1952. Swimming facilities are located across West Lothian in most of the towns and Swim West Lothian is an organisation, operating in partnership with West Lothian Council and Scottish Swimming that organises local swimming clubs, training and swimming galas.[71]. The interior was completed by his sons John Adam and Robert Adam. West Lothian Council is the local authority for the West Lothian area of Scotland and has 33 elected members. Heavy industry declined after the Second World War, and the last shale oil mine closed in 1962. [70] Cricket is played at a local level at sites such as Boghall Cricket Club Ground in Linlithgow. Westlothiana ("animal from West Lothian") is a genus of reptile-like tetrapod that lived about 338 million years ago during the latest part of the Visean age of the Carboniferous. Bass Rock, a tiny island off the coast of East Lothian, is home to the world’s largest colony of northern gannets: 4. They contain data on population, births, deaths, life expectancy, migration, marriages, civil partnerships, households and dwellings. [33], The Museum of the Scottish Shale Oil Industry was created in 1990, to preserve the history of the shale industry in West Lothian and beyond. The county, which was historically known as Linlithgowshire,[1] was bounded geographically by the Avon to the west and the Almond to the east. Population: 858,000 (approx.) City Size and Population Density. The highest growth in the population of East Lothian is anticipated to be among the The first known reference to a sheriff of Linlithgow occurs in a charter dating from the reign of his successor Malcolm IV. The overall population of West Lothian is increasing year on year. [44] In 2014, West Lothian Council reported that the five largest employment sectors in the council area were healthcare, construction, retail, manufacturing, and business administration and support The data shows there were 91,340 people living in Midlothian in mid 2018, up from 90,090 in mid 2017. Located in Lothian on the shore of the Firth of Forth, Edinburgh has an estimated population of 489,000, which makes it the second most populous city in Scotland and the 7th in the United Kingdom. [21][22][23], Blawhorn Moss is a raised bog located near Blackridge that has been a national nature reserve since 1980 and is the largest and least disturbed raised bog in the Lothians.[24]. Phone:... Tuesday 7.15pm - 9.00pm for boys and girls aged 10 - 14yrs. Tuesday 7.15pm - 9.00pm for boys and girls aged 10 - 14yrs. West Lothian compares unfavourably with the rest of Scotland as a whole, with 669 cases versus 644 per 100,000 population. [69] Other sports teams in West Lothian include Linlithgow RFC, a Scottish Rugby Union club who play in East Regional League Division One, and the Edinburgh Monarchs, a Scottish Speedway team, based in Armadale who compete in the SGB Championship. The bings produced by the mining industry, 19 of which still stand in West Lothian, were at first considered blights, but now are thought of as monuments to Scotland's industrial past, and a representation of one appears on the council's coat of arms. Livingston (Scots: Leivinstoun, Scottish Gaelic: Baile Laobhainn) is the largest town in West Lothian, Scotland.Designated in 1962, it is the fourth post-war new town to be built in Scotland. Name. 5,463,300. The county was radically changed by the Industrial Revolution, (from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840) with the opening of deep-pit iron, coal, and shale oil mines, as well as foundries and brickworks. West Lothian hotels: low rates, no booking fees, no cancellation fees. West Lothian is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and one of its historic counties. [42][43], West Lothian has a diverse economy and as of 2020 had approximately 4,500 businesses providing almost 72,000 jobs in the area. Le parti en place dans cette circonscription est le Parti travailliste. Answer: West Lothian, United Kingdom (Administrative unit: Scotland) - last known population is ≈ 177 200 (year 2014).This was 0.275% of total United Kingdom population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2011-2014 (+0.35%/year), West Lothian population in 2020 would be: 180 909*. [60][61][62] While West Lothian has no university, further and adult education facilities are provided at West Lothian College based in Livingston. Edinburgh Castle is built on top of an extinct volcano: 3. [45] The ten largest private employers in West Lothian are Sky UK, Tesco, Mitsubishi Electric, IQVIA (formerly Quintiles/Q2 Solutions), Asda, Morrisons, Johnson & Johnson, Schuh, Jabil and Shin-Etsu Europe. Scotland was split into sheriffdoms, what would later become counties, in the reign of David I. [32] The centre is located within the estate of Linburn House, a country house which was demolished in 1955. [18] The grounds of the house have been developed as a sculpture park known as Jupiter Artland. (whose ground is at Creamery Park) play in the Scottish Junior Football Association. This place, originally called Strathbrock, signifying "the valley of brocks or badgers," appears to have derived its modern name from the erection of the present parish church at a spot designated Uphall. The historic county of West Lothian or of Linlithgowshire contained six burghs: Armadale, Bathgate, Bo'ness, Linlithgow, Queensferry, and Whitburn. Media related to West Lothian at Wikimedia Commons, Settlements in both historic and modern West Lothian, Settlements historically in West Lothian but since transferred elsewhere, Settlements in modern West Lothian but which were not historically part of the county, Local Government etc. [63] The college provides educational services to over 8,000 students a year and has 350 staff. West Lothian (Scots: Wast Lowden; Scottish Gaelic: Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and one of its historic counties. The prevalence of autism in the 0-15 age group is 2.0%. By 83 AD, southern Scotland had been conquered by Romans, who built a road from their fort at Cramond to the eastern end of the Antonine Wall, as well as forts in West Lothian (of which Castle Greg is a known example). It opened in 1989 and is housed used in two former derelict cottages donated by the Bennie family to the local community in 1980. By comparison, Edinburgh’s seven-day positive rate per 100,000 people is sitting at 201.7, Midlothian’s at 157.9 and West Lothian’s at 152.9; all are also a decrease compared to the figures announced yesterday. [14] The house is the historic home of the Binn family whose owners included Sir Thomas Dalyell a Scottish Royalist general in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, and Sir Tam Dalyell, a member of the House of Commons from 1962 to 2005. [3] Other rock types include oil shale, sandstone, dolerite. It gained East Calder and West Calder districts from Midlothian. West Cairn Hill is the highest peak and Current County Top (CoU) at 562 m (1,844 ft). It had an area of 120 sq. Ballencrieff is a settlement in West Lothian Scotland, situated equidistant between the towns of Bathgate and Torphichen and seven miles south of Linlithgow places in West Lothian compiled from this list See the list of places in Scotland for places in other counties. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 4 octobre 2020 à 21:48. Other large towns in the county include Bathgate (a town with medieval origins that developed extensively during the industrial revolution) and the historic mining settlements of Armadale, Whitburn, Uphall and Broxburn. The main hospital for West Lothian is St John's Hospital in Livingston. [8], In the Parliament of the United Kingdom West Lothian is represented by two members of Parliament. Members of the genus bore a superficial resemblance to modern-day lizards. Of the 547 tests carried out on that day, 27 were positive. Public healthcare in West Lothian is administered by NHS Lothian within NHS Scotland. 17. aged 65+ yrs. The area rises from lowlands in the north to the Pentland Hills in the southeast, while the southwest is moorland. The county was also split into twelve parishes; these were not used for administrative purposes after 1929. UPHALL, a parish, in the county of Linlithgow; including the villages of Broxburn and Uphall, 12 miles (W. by S.) from Edinburgh. In later centuries the region was regularly overrun by Gaelic-speaking Scots, and it became permanently part of the Kingdom of Scotland in the 11th century. West Lothian continues to sit well below the national average for Covid-19 infections. The New Statistical Account of Scotland (pub. Notable residents of West Lothian include monarchs and political figures including Mary Queen of Scots (born at Linlithgow Palace), King James the Fifth (born at Linlithgow Palace), Robin Cook (the Member of Parliament for Livingston from 1983 to 2005), Alex Salmond (from Linlithgow, the former First Minister of Scotland), and Sir Tom Dalyell (the Member of Parliament for Linlithgow from 1962 to 2005). [57] The county has a few historic airfields, now defunct, including a temporary airfield that once existed in Bathgate. (Scotland) Act 1994, and the district of West Lothian was made into a unitary council area named West Lothian Council. On 14 January, there was one recorded Covid-related death in West Lothian. [10], The West Lothian question, referring to whether Scottish, Welsh, and Northern Irish MPs should be allowed to vote on English laws, is so named because it was supposedly first raised by Tam Dalyell while he was MP for West Lothian.[11][12]. [27] Other public hospitals include Tippethill House Hospital a community hospital in Armadale and St Michael's Hospital, a community hospital in Linlithgow. Contents: Localities. Councillors are generally elected every five years, with the next election falling in summer 2022. West Lothian Population size is 175,118 Explore data . Significant towns not included in the modern county are the coastal burghs of Bo'ness and Queensferry and the town of Kirkliston. In pre-industrial times West Lothian was almost entirely agricultural. [28][29], West Lothian previously had a psychiatric hospital with general hospital in the Dechmont area called Bangour Village Hospital. [35], In Bathgate, the Bennie Museum is a museum of local history and heritage that is run by volunteers under the management of a charitable trust. Au VIIe siècle, il devient la partie nord du royaume saxon de Northumbria. Lothian Regional Council formally took over responsibility from the old county councils in May 1975. The area was anciently inhabited by Britons of the tribe known as the Votadini or Gododdin. Only Linlithgow Bridge is in the third lowest blue category with 30-49 cases per 100,00 of the population and West Lothian has no neighbourhoods ranked in … West Lothian sports personalities include Dario Franchitti (from Whitburn, four-time Indy Car series champion, and three-time winner of the Indianapolis 500), Paul di Resta (from Uphall, DTM race driver for Mercedes-Benz, and the cousin of Dario Franchitti), and Peter 'Snakebite' Wright (born in Livingston, PDC World darts champion). Vol.1 History of the industry, working conditions, and mineralogy of Scottish and Green River formation shales. The population development of the localities in West Lothian. [45] The two largest public sector employers in the county are West Lothian Council and NHS Scotland. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in West Lothian, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. Significant watercourses include the Almond and the Union Canal, while the main bodies of water are Linlithgow Loch, Dundas Loch, Humbie Reservoir, Lochcote Reservoir, Beecraigs Loch and Bangour Reservoir. The house was then hugely extended from 1721 by William Adam until his death in 1748, being one of his most notable projects. [16][17], Bonnington House is a 19th-century country house near Wilkieston that is a category A listed building. This is lower than the 143 cases and seven-day positive rate per 100,000 people of 133.5 recorded yesterday (Tuesday). West Lothian has no airport or airfields in current operation. [48], West Lothian has several shopping centres, the largest of which are located in Livingston, including 'The Centre' (comprising more than 1,000,000 square foot of retail space) and Livingston Designer Outlet (the largest outlet mall in Scotland). The geology of West Lothian is typical for the Midland valley area geological of Scotland. The creation of the modern council area drastically altered West Lothian's boundaries. Deux élus représentent le West Lothian au parlement de Westminster (Michael Connarty et Jim Devine). [2] The eastern and southern rocks are the oldest, specifically devonian sandstones and volcanic rocks in the Pentland Hills. Le West Lothian était autrefois un comté d’Écosse et était parfois appelé du nom anglais de Linlithgowshire, tiré du nom de la ville principale. These include: West Lothian has a number of former, disused and defunct railway lines, principally branch lines that originated in connection with oil, mineral and shale mining activities in the 19th century but were later closed as traffic diminished and industrial operations ceased. In most instances the Profile focuses upon the trend over time and the comparison between East Lothian and Scotland as a whole. [30][31], The Linburn Centre is a health centre for blinded war veterans at Wilkieston. The modern council area occupies a larger area, with areas in the west transferred to Falkirk and areas in the east transferred to Edinburgh following local government reforms in the late 20th century. By comparison, Edinburgh’s seven-day positive rate is sitting at 237.2, Midlothian’s at 209.8 and West Lothian’s at 179.1. [64], Scotland's Rural College (SRUC) has a campus in Livingston at Oatridge, near Ecclesmachan providing courses on subjects such as agriculture, veterinary medicine, conservation, horticulture, and landscaping. [50][51], The main trunk roads in West Lothian are:[52][53]. [2] The exception is the Bathgate Hills, which are composed of volcanic rocks to the north of Bathgate and around Linlithgow. [13], The House of the Binns is an early 17th century historic house and estate near Philpstoun. 3 75, 146%. This clearly demonstrates an aging population, placing pressure on specific areas of the housing market. 70 ] Cricket is played at a local level at sites such as at Cairnpapple which., Peace Knowe, Bowden, Cairnpapple, and 60 nurseries was into. Of population the following areas were historically in Midlothian in mid 2018, up from 90,090 mid! 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